EARTH Thailand
PRTR & Community Right-to-Know
Communities in Action
Industrial & Hazardous Waste Mangement
Map Ta Phut Studies
Chemicals & Product Life-Cycle Management
Pollution Hotspots
Corporate Accountability
Policy Reference



Toxic Impressions: BPA in thermal paper

A report by Toxics Link, 2017

Thermal papers are widely used to print the sale receipts in various sectors like grocery stores, gas stations and bank ATMs to ensure fast and accurate services. This paper is also used by the ticketing agencies, lottery systems and other businesses, which require accurate and high volume printouts.

In this study, twelve unused thermal paper samples from both known and local brands of different manufacturers and suppliers were randomly collected from different markets in New Delhi. We found BPA in concentration between 300 ppm and 6600 ppm in thermal papers with the average levels of 3037 ppm, which is exceedingly high and can have serious adverse impacts on human health and environment.


POPs at four Thai pollution hot-spots: Map Ta Phut, Samut Sakhon, Tha Tum, and Khon Kaen

Author: Václav Mach, PhD.

Supporting data: RNDr. Jindřich Petrlík, Akarapon Teebthaisong, Autthaporn Ritthichat

Arnika – Toxics and Waste Programme, and Ecological Alert and Recovery - Thailand (EARTH), November 2017

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are toxic chemicals that persist over long periods of time in the environment. This study is focused on the presentation of data related to contamination by POPs in 4 hotspot areas in Thailand: The Map Ta Phut industrial complex, the Samut Sakhon hotspot area, the Tha Tum industrial complex, and the Pulp and Paper industrial area near Khon Kaen. 


Chicken eggs as an indicator of POPs pollution in Thailand

Author: RNDr. Jindrich Petrlik

Supporting data: Akarapon Teebthaisong, Atthaporn Ritthichat

Bangkok, Prague, November 2017

In this study, we present the results of monitoring free-range chicken eggs from selected sites in Thailand which are contaminated by persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Free-range chicken eggs were used for monitoring levels of contamination by POPs in various locations in many previous studies. Eggs have been found to be sensitive indicators of POP contamination in soils or dust and are a significant exposure pathway from soil pollution to humans. 


Tackling mercury pollution in the EU and worldwide

Science for Environment Policy, In-depth report 15, written and edited by the Science Communication Unit, University of the West of England (UWE), November 2017

This In-Depth Report from Science for Environment Policy summarises the latest scientific studies and research results on mercury pollution in the global environment. Of the many aspects of mercury pollution, five main topics are addressed: Mercury sources and impacts; Mercury cycling: movement and deposition; Monitoring and modelling approaches; Reduction, treatment and storage; and The Minamata Convention on Mercury and the EU mercury policy.


Mercury in fish from industrial sites in Thailand

By Jana Tremlova | September 2017

Arnika Association, Czech Republic and Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH)

This study is to interpret a data set obtained from an environmental sampling in different parts of Thailand that was carried out in February/March 2016 and February 2017. Samples originated from various sites which some of them served as control areas without any known sources of pollution and some samples originated from highly industrialized areas. Collected samples of fish and sediments were analyzed for content of mercury and methylmercury, secondary also for the content of some selected risk elements and data were further discussed and compared to national and international legal standards.


Mercury in Women of Child-bearing Age in 25 Countries

September 2017 | Lee Bell (Lead author)

Contributing authors: David Evers, Sarah Johnson, Kevin Regan, Joe DiGangi, Jennifer Federico, Jan Samanek

Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI), Maine, USA; IPEN, Göteborg, Sweden; Arnika Association, Prague, Czech Republic

Mercury is a potent neurotoxin, especially to the developing brain, and can affect the developing fetus months after the mother’s exposure. The harmful effects that can be passed from the mother to the fetus when the mother’s mercury levels exceed 1 ppm include neurological impairment, IQ loss, and damage to the kidneys


Toxic Ash Poisons Our Food Chain

Arnika, National Toxics Network and IPEN, Toxic Ash Poisons Our Food Chain, April 2017

This extensive new report was prepared to address a major source of POPs contamination of the environment that is often overlooked, underestimated or incorrectly classified in risk assessments, exposure scenarios and regulatory controls on waste. Ash and other residues from waste incineration contain dioxins, furans (PCDD/Fs) and a range of other highly toxic POPs at levels which are a threat to human health and the environment. Current management practices and regulatory threshold levels for POPs that contaminate incinerator residues are not preventing releases of POPs into agricultural settings, the food chain and the broader environment.


Pops Recycling Contaminates Children's Toys with Toxic Flame Retardants

IPEN & Arnika, April 2017

Recycling plastics containing toxic flame retardant chemicals found in electronic waste results in contamination of new plastic children’s toys and related products. The substances include octabromodiphenyl ether (OctaBDE), deca-bromodiphenyl ether (DecaBDE), and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). This study found all three toxic chemicals in recycled plastic children’s products. In a survey of products from 26 countries, 90% of the samples contained OctaBDE or DecaBDE. Nearly half of them (43%) contained HBCD. Recycling materials that contain persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and other toxic substances contaminates new products, continues human and environmental exposure, and undermines the credibility of recycling.


Global Lead Paint Elimination Report

IPEN, October 2016

Lead is a toxic metal that causes adverse effects on both human health and the environment. While lead exposure is harmful to adults, lead exposure harms children at much lower levels, and the health effects are generally irreversible and can have a lifelong impact. The younger the child, the more harmful lead can be, and children with nutritional deficiencies absorb ingested lead at an increased rate. The human fetus is the most vulnerable, and a pregnant woman can transfer lead that has accumulated in her body to her developing child. Lead is also transferred through breast milk when lead is present in a nursing mother.


Ignorance is Toxic… Double Standard at Map Ta Phut

Authors: Penchom Saetang, Faikham Harnnarong, Sukran Rojanapaiwong

Published by:Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN)

Supported by: Heinrich Böll Foundation

January 2007


Thailand’s Air: Poison Cocktail

Exposing Unsustainable Industries and the Case for Community Right To Know and Prevention [Thailand Bucket Brigade]

By: Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN) / Greenpeace Southeast Asia (GPSEA) / Global Community Monitor (GCM), October 2005

This report gives fresh evidence that the proposed ‘Community Right To Know Law’ and the ‘National Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTR) System’ are essentially needed along with better environmental monitoring and direct involvement of affected communities in environmental decision-making with the aim to achieve environmental justice and sustainable society.

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Thailand: The new dumping ground for e-waste?

Sky News 01 July 2018

Authorities in Thailand say their country is becoming the new dumping ground for the world's illegal electronic waste.

"It could be the cause of different kinds of cancer diseases. And the situation like here, the chemical smell could cause or damage to respiratory system of the human", said Penchom Saetang, Director of EARTH.


Is it time to reform toxic industrial waste management law?

Prachatai 28 June 2018 | Kobkul Rayanakorn

In the past weeks, one of the big news stories that received much media and public attention was the police raid on an electronic waste sorting and recycling plant in Chachoengsao Province. The incident was the first of a number of raids on many other similar plants in Chachoengsao Province and Latkrabang Industrial Estate, including seven containers in Laem Chabang seaport with smuggled electronic waste from Hong Kong and Japan.  


Asian states urged to sign treaty to avoid ‘tidal wave’ of foreign trash

Asia Times 28 June 2018 | Jim Pollard

Thai officials have been scrambling to deal with a waste scandal after discovering thousands of tons of plastic and electronic waste has been imported since China banned foreign waste last year; other states have been warned 'it is coming your way'


Deluge of electronic waste turning Thailand into 'world's rubbish dump'

The Guardian 28 June 2018 | Hannah Ellis-Petersen  

Thailand has been swamped by waste from the west after Chinese ban on imports

At a deserted factory outside Bangkok, skyscrapers made from vast blocks of crushed printers, Xbox components and TVs tower over black rivers of smashed-up computer screens.


Environmental tax could cut e-waste

Bangkok Post 28 June 2018 | Wichit Chantanusornsiri

Proposal envisions levy on imported gadgets

The Finance Ministry has floated the idea of imposing an environmental tax in a bid to reduce electronic waste. For example, imported mobile phone handsets should be subject to an electronic scrap disposal tax, said finance permanent secretary Prasong Poontaneat.


400 e-waste containers abandoned at ports

The Nation 27 June 2018 | ACHARA WISETSRI


ABOUT 400 cargo containers full of electronic waste, plastic scrap and discarded metal have been left unclaimed at Thailand’s two major ports as authorities crack down on illegal e-waste handling.


Recycling of plastic, e-waste faces ban

Bangkok Post 27 June 2018 | Chaiyot Pupattanapong & Wichit Chantanusornsiri

Prohibition aimed at discouraging imports

The Department of Industrial Works (DIW) has promised to ban local factories from recycling plastic and electronic waste.

Department deputy chief Banjong Sukreeta said the proposed ban will effectively discourage factories from importing waste into Thailand and help authorities deal with the increasing amount of waste in the country.


Get e-waste under control

Bangkok Post 25 June 2018 | EDITORIAL

The fast-emerging scandal of the dumping of electronic waste illustrates just how far behind, and how out of touch authorities are in battling corruption. Of course the e-waste story involves flaunting of the law. But it shows just how simple it is to ignore laws, bypass regulations and fool government. The days of furtive corruption involving suitcases full of cash are gone. Some call the new-style corruption more sophisticated but it is actually more thuggish.


Politicians linked to electronic waste scams

Bangkok Post 24 June 2018 | Apinya Wipatayotin and Wassayos Ngamkham

An in-depth investigation is under way to bring both local and national politicians to justice after some are suspected to be involved in an illegal electronic waste recycling business operated by Chinese businessmen.

In an exclusive interview with the Bangkok Post, Pol Gen Wirachai Songmetta, a deputy national police chief, who oversees a police team inspecting electronic waste recycling plants across the country, said some politicians are involved in this business.


IEAT orders inspection of waste factories

Bangkok Post 23 June 2018

The Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand (IEAT) has ordered all industrial estates to examine operators in their jurisdictions in order to bust those unlawfully bringing in electronic waste.

The order came after authorities inspected 148 electronic waste recycling factories late last month and found several of them imported and processed e-waste unlawfully.


Waste import licences ‘will not be renewed’

The Nation 23 June 2018

Police working group investigating cases of smuggling and wrongdoing.

LICENCES issued to companies previously authorised to import electronic and other wastes for recycling and disposal in Thailand will not be renewed, the Department of Industrial Works said yesterday.


Surasak to head new panel policing waste imports

Bangkok Post 22 June 2018 | Lamonphet Apisitniran & Apinya Wipatayotin

A new committee led by Natural Resources and Environment Minister Surasak Kanjanarat will take over from the Industry Ministry's Department of Industrial Works (DIW), in allowing the import of plastic and electronic waste.

Any imports of hazardous waste will need permission on a case-by-case basis as the DIW will cancel all licences for electronic and plastic waste imports next week, the department's director-general Mongkol Pruekwatana said Thursday.


Push on to block toxic e-wastes


With another 100,000 tonnes set to enter the country this year, officials determined to amend regulations.

TOP government officials have pledged to stop more than 100,000 tonnes of electronic and other hazardous wastes from entering the country later this year, as they prepare to amend regulations to tightly manage the import of recycled and used items.


Letter: Plea for the Thai government to solve the electronic and hazardous waste import crisis

EARTH 21 June 2018

Thailand has become the recipient of electronic, plastic and hazardous waste from dozens of developed and developing countries. On May 22, 2018, Deputy National Police Commissioner General Wirachai Songmetta and officials from relevant agencies uncovered electronic waste recycling operations in Plaeng Yao district, Chachoengsao province, eastern Thailand. Since then, more than ten companies have been exposed for violations related to the import of electronic and plastic waste into Thailand.


Govt considers ‘total ban’ on the import of e-waste

The Nation 21 June 2018  

THE GOVERNMENT is seriously considering an immediate ban on the import of electronic waste.

“We will determine if the use of Article 44 is necessary to enforce the ban,” Defence Ministry spokesman Lt-General Kongcheep Tantravanich said yesterday, referring to the decision by a reform committee that is chaired by Deputy Prime Minister and Defence Minister General Prawit Wongsuwon. 

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