EARTH Thailand
PRTR & Community Right-to-Know
Communities in Action
Industrial & Hazardous Waste Mangement
Map Ta Phut Studies
Chemicals & Product Life-Cycle Management
Pollution Hotspots
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Policy Reference



Toxic Impressions: BPA in thermal paper

A report by Toxics Link, 2017

Thermal papers are widely used to print the sale receipts in various sectors like grocery stores, gas stations and bank ATMs to ensure fast and accurate services. This paper is also used by the ticketing agencies, lottery systems and other businesses, which require accurate and high volume printouts.

In this study, twelve unused thermal paper samples from both known and local brands of different manufacturers and suppliers were randomly collected from different markets in New Delhi. We found BPA in concentration between 300 ppm and 6600 ppm in thermal papers with the average levels of 3037 ppm, which is exceedingly high and can have serious adverse impacts on human health and environment.


POPs at four Thai pollution hot-spots: Map Ta Phut, Samut Sakhon, Tha Tum, and Khon Kaen

Author: Václav Mach, PhD.

Supporting data: RNDr. Jindřich Petrlík, Akarapon Teebthaisong, Autthaporn Ritthichat

Arnika – Toxics and Waste Programme, and Ecological Alert and Recovery - Thailand (EARTH), November 2017

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are toxic chemicals that persist over long periods of time in the environment. This study is focused on the presentation of data related to contamination by POPs in 4 hotspot areas in Thailand: The Map Ta Phut industrial complex, the Samut Sakhon hotspot area, the Tha Tum industrial complex, and the Pulp and Paper industrial area near Khon Kaen. 


Chicken eggs as an indicator of POPs pollution in Thailand

Author: RNDr. Jindrich Petrlik

Supporting data: Akarapon Teebthaisong, Atthaporn Ritthichat

Bangkok, Prague, November 2017

In this study, we present the results of monitoring free-range chicken eggs from selected sites in Thailand which are contaminated by persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Free-range chicken eggs were used for monitoring levels of contamination by POPs in various locations in many previous studies. Eggs have been found to be sensitive indicators of POP contamination in soils or dust and are a significant exposure pathway from soil pollution to humans. 


Tackling mercury pollution in the EU and worldwide

Science for Environment Policy, In-depth report 15, written and edited by the Science Communication Unit, University of the West of England (UWE), November 2017

This In-Depth Report from Science for Environment Policy summarises the latest scientific studies and research results on mercury pollution in the global environment. Of the many aspects of mercury pollution, five main topics are addressed: Mercury sources and impacts; Mercury cycling: movement and deposition; Monitoring and modelling approaches; Reduction, treatment and storage; and The Minamata Convention on Mercury and the EU mercury policy.


Mercury in fish from industrial sites in Thailand

By Jana Tremlova | September 2017

Arnika Association, Czech Republic and Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH)

This study is to interpret a data set obtained from an environmental sampling in different parts of Thailand that was carried out in February/March 2016 and February 2017. Samples originated from various sites which some of them served as control areas without any known sources of pollution and some samples originated from highly industrialized areas. Collected samples of fish and sediments were analyzed for content of mercury and methylmercury, secondary also for the content of some selected risk elements and data were further discussed and compared to national and international legal standards.


Mercury in Women of Child-bearing Age in 25 Countries

September 2017 | Lee Bell (Lead author)

Contributing authors: David Evers, Sarah Johnson, Kevin Regan, Joe DiGangi, Jennifer Federico, Jan Samanek

Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI), Maine, USA; IPEN, Göteborg, Sweden; Arnika Association, Prague, Czech Republic

Mercury is a potent neurotoxin, especially to the developing brain, and can affect the developing fetus months after the mother’s exposure. The harmful effects that can be passed from the mother to the fetus when the mother’s mercury levels exceed 1 ppm include neurological impairment, IQ loss, and damage to the kidneys


Toxic Ash Poisons Our Food Chain

Arnika, National Toxics Network and IPEN, Toxic Ash Poisons Our Food Chain, April 2017

This extensive new report was prepared to address a major source of POPs contamination of the environment that is often overlooked, underestimated or incorrectly classified in risk assessments, exposure scenarios and regulatory controls on waste. Ash and other residues from waste incineration contain dioxins, furans (PCDD/Fs) and a range of other highly toxic POPs at levels which are a threat to human health and the environment. Current management practices and regulatory threshold levels for POPs that contaminate incinerator residues are not preventing releases of POPs into agricultural settings, the food chain and the broader environment.


Pops Recycling Contaminates Children's Toys with Toxic Flame Retardants

IPEN & Arnika, April 2017

Recycling plastics containing toxic flame retardant chemicals found in electronic waste results in contamination of new plastic children’s toys and related products. The substances include octabromodiphenyl ether (OctaBDE), deca-bromodiphenyl ether (DecaBDE), and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). This study found all three toxic chemicals in recycled plastic children’s products. In a survey of products from 26 countries, 90% of the samples contained OctaBDE or DecaBDE. Nearly half of them (43%) contained HBCD. Recycling materials that contain persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and other toxic substances contaminates new products, continues human and environmental exposure, and undermines the credibility of recycling.


Global Lead Paint Elimination Report

IPEN, October 2016

Lead is a toxic metal that causes adverse effects on both human health and the environment. While lead exposure is harmful to adults, lead exposure harms children at much lower levels, and the health effects are generally irreversible and can have a lifelong impact. The younger the child, the more harmful lead can be, and children with nutritional deficiencies absorb ingested lead at an increased rate. The human fetus is the most vulnerable, and a pregnant woman can transfer lead that has accumulated in her body to her developing child. Lead is also transferred through breast milk when lead is present in a nursing mother.


Ignorance is Toxic… Double Standard at Map Ta Phut

Authors: Penchom Saetang, Faikham Harnnarong, Sukran Rojanapaiwong

Published by:Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN)

Supported by: Heinrich Böll Foundation

January 2007


Thailand’s Air: Poison Cocktail

Exposing Unsustainable Industries and the Case for Community Right To Know and Prevention [Thailand Bucket Brigade]

By: Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN) / Greenpeace Southeast Asia (GPSEA) / Global Community Monitor (GCM), October 2005

This report gives fresh evidence that the proposed ‘Community Right To Know Law’ and the ‘National Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTR) System’ are essentially needed along with better environmental monitoring and direct involvement of affected communities in environmental decision-making with the aim to achieve environmental justice and sustainable society.

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EEC law ‘harms local people’

The Nation 16  May 2018 | Pratch Rujivanarom

Expansion in three provinces only suits foreign investors, warn rights experts

THE EASTERN Economic Corridor (EEC) programme, the country’s largest-ever infrastructure and industrial scheme involving a combined investment of several hundred billion baht, faces an uncertain future if local land use issues are not quickly resolved.

Local people and land experts yesterday expressed concerns about the consequences of the industrial expansion and infrastructure development within three EEC provinces: Chon Buri, Rayong and Chachoengsao.


JICA's Dawei SEZ plan under fire for excluding site-wide assessment

Myanmar Times 15 May 2018 | Thiha Ko Ko, Thompson Chau

Experts warn that implementation of the Japan-supported master plan for Dawei Special Economic Zone (SEZ) without a legally-required site-wide assessment would be “unlawful” and that transparency and meaningful public participation are necessary to determine who benefits from those plans before moving ahead.


Locals accuse authorities of negligence, pro-mining firm bias as deadline imposed for ending potash protest

The Nation 14 May 2018 | Pratch Rujivanarom

As an official deadline was imposed on their ongoing protest against potash exploration in Sakon Nakhon, local demonstrators publicly criticised the authorities for abandoning human-rights protection and working solely in favour of a Chinese mining company.

Those demonstrating against potash exploration in the area continued their protest and blocked the entrance to the drilling site on Monday, despite the police having displayed a notice that their protest was against the Public Gathering Act and that they must end their action by midday on Tuesday.


Chinese mine operator files police complaint after being blocked by locals

The Nation 10 May 2018 | PRATCH RUJIVANAROM

A CHINESE potash-mining operator has filed a complaint against some local people in Sakon Nakhon province after the company’s exploration team was blocked from entering the test site.

The fresh conflict between local citizens in the potash exploration area at Wanon Niwat district and China Mingda Potash Corporation erupted again yesterday after local people were angered by the company’s new potash exploration operations. The locals tried to stop the team from entering the exploration site.


Dawei villagers seek president’s help to stop Banchaung coal mine

Myanmar Times 09 May 2018 | Myat Moe Aung

Over 500 local people urged President U Win Myint on Monday to stop the operations of Banchaung coal mine in Dawei township, Tanintharyi Region, according to Tarkapaw youth group and the Banchaung community’s sustainable environmental conservation committee.

The residents will send a letter to ministries and departments to press their demand to halt the mine’s operations. 


Alarm raised as Thailand drowns in plastic trash

The Nation 06 May 2018 | PIYAPORN WONGRUANG

IN FEBRUARY LAST YEAR, a patch of plastic trash almost 10 kilometres long was seen floating off the coast of the Gulf of Thailand in Chumpon province, prompting a wake-up call about the plastic pollution problem which has become increasingly serious in recent years.

Tara Buakamsri, Thailand country director for Greenpeace Southeast Asia, which campaigns against pollution, has observed the phenomenon with concern. It’s the tip of the iceberg, Tara said, referring to the plastic trash problem.


Global Day of Action Against Samsung May Day

Health, Labor & Environment Groups Around the World Say Clean Up Samsung

01 May 2018 -- Actions: (Amsterdam, Hanoi, Hong Kong, London, New York, San Jose, Seoul)

An International Day of Action Against Samsung to protest health, labor and human rights violations by the electronics giant, in solidarity with Samsung factory workers everywhere, with over 200,000 signatures calling on Samsung to protect their workers around the world. Demands for transparency come on the heels of a Samsung lawsuit against the South Korean government which seeks to prevent public disclosure of hazardous chemicals monitoring information.


UNEP to survey mercury in developing nations

NHK 01 May 2018

The United Nations Environment Programme will for the first time survey mercury emissions at waste dump sites in developing countries.

UNEP officials say waste containing mercury, such as used fluorescent lights and batteries, is often incinerated without proper treatment in developing nations in Asia and Africa.


Why pristine lakes are filled with toxins

BBC 30 April 2018 | Melissa Hogenboom

Much of the focus on plastic pollution centres on our oceans. Emerging evidence shows it’s also a problem in freshwater, which may even be the source.

In 2016 a team of scientists scoured a dozen beaches around the shores of Lake Geneva in Switzerland – not for flora or fauna, but for litter. In particular, plastic litter.


The missing maths: the human cost of fossil fuels

The Guardian 26 April 2018 | Ploy Achakulwisut

We should account for the costs of disease and death from fossil fuel pollution in climate change policies

While the climate policy world is littered with numbers, three of them have dominated recent discourse: 2, 1000, and 66.


Titkyit locals worry over carbon monoxide poisoning

Eleven 25 April 2018 | Sithar

(Taunggyi) – Smoke emitted from Tikyit coal mine, Pinlong Township, Shan State, were spread around in the area since April 23 making the locals to worry of carbon monoxide poisoning, sources said.

According to the locals, fire broke out in the coal mine on April 23 and smokes leaked out from the mine making the air polluted.


Villagers call for halt of coal-fired cement factory

Myanmar Times 24 April 2018 | Kyaw Ko Ko

Hundreds of villagers took to the streets on Monday in Patheingyi township in Mandalay Region to demand the cancellation and demolition of a coal-fired cement factory in their area.  

About 150 residents from Aunt Thabyay village marched  to the entry gate of Patheingyi township to protest against the operation of the cement factory project, which has adversely affected their villages, U Myint Aung, a protest leader, said. 


Smog rings alarm bells in Chiang Mai

The Nation 24 April 2018 | Pratch Rujivanarom

Amid ‘very dangerous’ air pollution, children and elderly told to stay inside

The North continued to choke in smog, as air pollution level soared in an increasing number of hotspots after the end of the ban on burning.

The level of particulate matter smaller than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) in many provinces of the northern region, especially in Chiang Mai, continued to rise yesterday to 100 microrams per cubic metre of air by 6am, as measured by the Pollution Control Department (PCD).


Court acquits seven female activists in case over campaign against gold mining company


LOEI PROVINCIAL Court has dismissed the case against seven female activists who are being sued for their campaign against a gold mine operator’s effort to renew land usage permission on forestland.


Charges against Thai activists dismissed, mining protest to go on

Reuters 20 April 2018 | Rina Chandran

BANGKOK, April 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A Thai court has dismissed all charges against seven female activists accused of violating public assembly laws, just weeks after a United Nations team called on the government to end attacks on human rights campaigners.

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