EARTH Thailand
PRTR & Community Right-to-Know
Communities in Action
Industrial & Hazardous Waste Mangement
Map Ta Phut Studies
Chemicals & Product Life-Cycle Management
Pollution Hotspots
Corporate Accountability
Policy Reference
Green Samut Sakhon



Call for a global ban policy on and scientific management of asbestos to eliminate asbestos-related diseases

Journal of Public Health Policy, March 2020 | Achyut Aryal and Craig Morley

Asbestos is a primary cause of cancer worldwide. Global estimates indicate workplace exposure of 125 million people and about 255,000 deaths each year. Of the approximately 300 million metric tonnes of asbestos ever produced worldwide, most will become waste and disposed of in landfills. The recycling and transforming asbestos fibre into a non-harmful product offer a sustainable solution, but a global commitment remains elusive. Urgent action is needed. 


Lead in Playground Equipment in Thailand

IPEN & EARTH, October 2019

On 30 September 2019, EARTH visited Benjakitti Park and Lumphini Park located in Bangkok City, Thailand, and screened the playground equipment for lead content. In each playground, painted play equipment and the condition of painted surface were documented.  This study shows that 20 out of 24 analyzed pieces of playground equipment contained total lead concentrations above 90 parts per million (ppm), dry weight. In addition, 14 analyzed pieces of playground equipment contained dangerously high lead levels above 10,000 ppm.; 15 out of 16 bright-colored painted surfaces contained lead concentra­tions above 90 ppm, dry weight; and the highest lead concentration detected was 72,300 ppm in a red monkey bar at a public playground in Benjakitti Park, Bangkok.


Trading Away Health and the Environment: The Toxic Business of Waste Imports into Thailand

Co-Authors: Tanya Lee Roberts-Davis & Penchom Saetang

Ecological Alert and Recovery - Thailand (EARTH) | June 2019

Trading Away Health and the Environment provides an overview of the devastating impacts on the health and well-being of communities in Thailand where industrial waste processing facilities are being developed as part of an ongoing expansion of the transnational business of plastic and used electronics waste and scraps.


Call for Proposals to support communities affected by industrial pollution

Jointly implemented by: EARTH (Thailand) and Arnika Association (Czechia) under the project: “Public participation through citizen science and EIA system enhancement” (Funded with support from the European Union)

Deadline for submitting: 5th July 2019


Toxic Hot Spots in Thailand

Authors: Jindřich Petrlík, Alice Dvorská, Václav Mach, Marek Šír, Jitka Straková, Akarapon Teebthaisong, Jana Tremlová, Peter A. Behnisch, Martin Bystrianský, Autthaporn Ritthichat, Penchom Saetang

By Arnika Association and Ecological Alert and Recovery - Thailand (EARTH) | December 2018

The data presented in the studies were obtained during sampling campaigns in Thailand in February 2015, February and March 2016, and February 2017. The sampling campaigns represent an important part of the project “Increasing Transparency in Industrial Pollution Management through Citizen Science.”


Evaluation of passive air sampler measurements close to the Map Ta Phut industrial estate, Thailand

Author: Alice Dvorská, Ph.D., | December 2018

Passive samplers are chemical accumulators that can be used to assess ambient concentrations in either homogeneous or heterogeneous media into which they are deployed. They are increasingly employed in investigations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) (Shoeib and Harner, 2002). There are various PAS sampling media and designs used. In contrast to high-cost active air samplers, passive air samplers (PAS) do not require pumps, sampling heads and a source of electricity. They are inexpensive and small and therefore increasingly used for POPs monitoring and spatial studies at local, regional and continental scales (Pozo et al., 2009 and references therein).


"We Fight to Protect Our Home:” Reprisals Against Environmental Defenders in Loei Province, Thailand

A report by Fortify Rights, October 2018

This report reveals that Thai authorities and Tungkum Ltd. committed and contributed to serious human rights violations and abuses against members of KRBKG and environmental defenders in Wang Sa Phung District, Loei Province. Violations and abuses include the arbitrary detention of human rights defenders and violations of the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly, a healthy environment.

Local residents in affected communities surrounding the gold  mine largely rely on farming and the natural environment for their livelihoods and sustenance. Water and soil pollution has adversely impacted their daily lives and livelihoods. Residents have also complained about health conditions...


PCDD/Fs and PCBs in eggs – data from China, Kazakhstan and Thailand

Authors: Petrlik J1,2, Teebthaisong A3, Bell L2,4, Behnisch PA5, Da M6, Saetang P3, Ritthichat A3, Kalmykov D7 | August 2018

Organizations: Arnika, IPEN, Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH), National Toxics Network, BioDetection Systems BV (BDS), Nature University, Beijing, China, and Karaganda Regional Ecological Museum, Kazakhstan

There is a range of studies on PCDD/Fs and PCBs in eggs1-7. Eggs have been found to be sensitive indicators of PCDD/F and PCB contamination in soils and are an important exposure...


POPs contamination at ‘recycling’ and metallurgical site in Thailand

Authors: Teebthaisong A, Petrlik J, Ritthichat A, Saetang P, Strakova J | August 2018

Organizations: Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH),  IPEN, and Arnika – Toxics and Waste Programme

This study evaluates the results of the analyses for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in the free-range chicken eggs in a vicinity of the artisanal recycling workshops in Samut Sakhon, a neighbouring province of Bangkok, Thailand. Free-range chicken eggs were used for monitoring levels of POPs contamination at certain places in many previous studies1-7. Eggs have been found to be sensitive indicators of POPs contamination in soils or dust and are an important exposure pathway from soil


Toxic Impressions: BPA in thermal paper

A report by Toxics Link, 2017

Thermal papers are widely used to print the sale receipts in various sectors like grocery stores, gas stations and bank ATMs to ensure fast and accurate services. This paper is also used by the ticketing agencies, lottery systems and other businesses, which require accurate and high volume printouts.

In this study, twelve unused thermal paper samples from both known and local brands of different manufacturers and suppliers were randomly collected from different markets in New Delhi. We found BPA in concentration between 300 ppm and 6600 ppm in thermal papers with the average levels of 3037 ppm, which is exceedingly high and can have serious adverse impacts on human health and environment.


POPs at four Thai pollution hot-spots: Map Ta Phut, Samut Sakhon, Tha Tum, and Khon Kaen

Author: Václav Mach, PhD.

Supporting data: RNDr. Jindřich Petrlík, Akarapon Teebthaisong, Autthaporn Ritthichat

Arnika – Toxics and Waste Programme, and Ecological Alert and Recovery - Thailand (EARTH), November 2017

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are toxic chemicals that persist over long periods of time in the environment. This study is focused on the presentation of data related to contamination by POPs in 4 hotspot areas in Thailand: The Map Ta Phut industrial complex, the Samut Sakhon hotspot area, the Tha Tum industrial complex, and the Pulp and Paper industrial area near Khon Kaen. 


Chicken eggs as an indicator of POPs pollution in Thailand

Author: RNDr. Jindrich Petrlik

Supporting data: Akarapon Teebthaisong, Atthaporn Ritthichat

Bangkok, Prague, November 2017

In this study, we present the results of monitoring free-range chicken eggs from selected sites in Thailand which are contaminated by persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Free-range chicken eggs were used for monitoring levels of contamination by POPs in various locations in many previous studies. Eggs have been found to be sensitive indicators of POP contamination in soils or dust and are a significant exposure pathway from soil pollution to humans. 


Ignorance is Toxic… Double Standard at Map Ta Phut

Authors: Penchom Saetang, Faikham Harnnarong, Sukran Rojanapaiwong

Published by:Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN)

Supported by: Heinrich Böll Foundation

January 2007


Thailand’s Air: Poison Cocktail

Exposing Unsustainable Industries and the Case for Community Right To Know and Prevention [Thailand Bucket Brigade]

By: Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN) / Greenpeace Southeast Asia (GPSEA) / Global Community Monitor (GCM), October 2005

This report gives fresh evidence that the proposed ‘Community Right To Know Law’ and the ‘National Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTR) System’ are essentially needed along with better environmental monitoring and direct involvement of affected communities in environmental decision-making with the aim to achieve environmental justice and sustainable society.

View all publications


Improper processing of electronic waste leads to damage to human health, the environment and the Earth's ozone layer

Press release 16 September 2020

BANGKOK/PRAGUE – Thailand is still one of the destination countries for e-waste from all around the world. To what extent this is the case, that is one of the questions that the joint project of the Thai non-governmental organization EARTH and the Czech civic association Arnika is trying to answer. In the last year, these organizations took the first soil samples from three sites where electronic scrap is dismantled or where the plastics from used electronic equipment are even burned. It has shown that the soil contains toxic dioxins, both chlorinated and brominated, which are produced by burning plastics treated with brominated flame retardants. EARTH mapped the extent of waste imports and published Trading Away Health and the Environment.


Plastic waste still an issue

Bangkok Post 12 September 2020 | Editorial

When it comes to policy on waste management and recycling, the Prayut Chan-o-cha administration is generally deemed to be progressive. The Natural Resources and Environment Ministry in 2018 made a landmark decision to slap a ban on the importation of plastics and electronic waste which is to take effect on Jan 1 next year. Previously, the ministry jump-started a voluntary campaign to ban single-use plastic bags in department stores and retailers nationwide. Within one month of the restriction beginning, over 3.7 billion less one-time use plastic bag were used nationally.


PCD chief says plastic import ban could be delayed

Bangkok Post 12 September 2020 | Apinya Wipatayotin

The Pollution Control Department (PCD) has hinted it could postpone the ban on the import of plastic waste for recycling, with its chief saying the domestic supply of plastic waste is not enough to feed the kingdom's industrial needs.


65 Organizations Calling for Banning the Imports of Plastic Wastes

10 September 2020 | EARTH Team at the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

The statement and recommendations endorsed by 65 organizations, including academics, and individuals, has been submitted to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment this morning.

Groups of representatives who are affected by the waste disposal industry have also gathered and presented their concerns outside the Ministry, calling for banning the imports of plastic wastes and proposing 8 key demands to the government.


Former PCD chief and two officials to pay 10.5 billion baht in infamous Klong Dan case

Thai PBS 05 September 2020

Thailand’s Central Administrative Court has ordered former Director-General of the Pollution Control Department, Pakit Kiravanich, and two former senior officials of the same department, to pay the department about 10.5 billion baht in compensation for damage caused to the state over the controversial Klong Dan water treatment project in Samut Prakan province.


Forum on “Exploring Ideas Towards the Cooperation on the Sustainable Management of Toxic Waste in the Eastern Region"

Sunday 30 August 2020 | 9.00 am to 1.30 pm at Ratcharoen Satthatham Temple, Grok Somboon Subdistrict, Si Mahapho District, Prachinburi Province

EnLaw Foundation in collaboration with the Ecological Alert and Recovery Thailand (EARTH) and the People’s Networks and Partnership on Monitoring the Waste Problems, have co-organized a forum on "Exploring Ideas Towards the Cooperation on the Sustainable Management of Toxic Waste in the Eastern Region” for discussing on the waste pollution problems in Thailand’s eastern region, and brainstorming ideas and solutions to prevent Thailand for becoming ‘the garbage bin of the world’. The recommendations will be submitted to the government.


Criminal recycling scams 'profit from plastic waste surge'

CTV News 27 August 2020 | Kelly Macnamara

LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM -- Criminal networks are profiting from an "overwhelming" surge in plastic waste being shipped from rich countries to Asia and stoking pollution by burning and dumping waste that was supposed to be recycled, a report by Interpol said Thursday.


Problems of plastic waste

Thai PBS News 24 August 2020

Thai PBS News explores the problems of plastic waste in Thailand which the domestic recycling industry has been affected by imported plastic wastes despite of its poor quality and impacts to environment. However, it is estimated that the imports of waste to Thailand will increase to 650,000 tonnes next year, possibly to serve Chinese investors.


EARTH & Thai PBS Organized Citizen Journalism Workshop for the Pollution Monitoring Volunteer Network

23 August 2020 | Reported by EARTH

The Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH) in collaboration with Thai PBS’s Citizen Media Network organized a citizen journalism workshop for the representatives of the industrial pollution affected communities.  


Green Groups Denounce Europe’s “Do As I Say, Not As I Do”

PRESS RELEASE 07 July 2020 

In April of last year, the European Union joined Norway in co-sponsoring amendments to the world's only waste treaty to establish new trade controls on the dirtiest and most unrecyclable plastic wastes. These amendments were passed in response to countless human rights abuses, and environmental pollution caused by unregulated plastic waste dumping. Such problematic plastic wastes now will require prior consent by importing nations, and are listed under Annex II of the Basel Convention as "wastes requiring special consideration."


Wastewater sparks local ire

Bangkok Post 08 June 2020 | Anchalee Kongrut

Farm villagers in Ban Khai district in Rayong province have threatened legal action over wastewater pollution from a local recycling factory.

"Over the past few years, we have sent petitions to every channel possible, yet the pollution in our community has not been resolved. As our country still has a court and judicial system, we will seek help from the administrative court," said Paradorn Chanasoonthorn, founder of Network of Surface Water Monitoring, a local environmental watchdog.


Polluting Factories in Nong Pawa Ordered to Shut Down after a Decade of Community Outcry

06 June 2020 | Reported by EARTH

After repeated complaints to several government agencies over the past ten years by Nong Pawa villagers in Bang But subdistrict, Ban Khai district of Rayong province, who have been affected by chronic water pollution caused by Win Process Company’s recycling factories, the local residents have witnessed that their decade-long polluting problems in the area remain unsolved.


Lock Down Mining, Stop Exploiting Opportunity to Give Mining Concession

Statement by the Network of People Who Own Mineral Resources | 28 April 2020

The Network of People Who Own Mineral Resources issued a statement today (28 April) calling for the authorities to equally impose the Emergency Decree by halting all mining operation and mine licensing process. 


Samsung sends apology letters to father of leukemia victim from semiconductor factory

The Hankyoreh 24 April 2020 | Koo Bon-kwon, senior staff writer

Hwang Sang-ki has spent the last 13 years calling for Samsung to take responsibility for its negligence

On Apr. 21, a letter arrived for Hwang Sang-ki, president of Banollim, the human rights watchdog group for semiconductor workers, and father of Hwang Yu-mi, who passed away from acute leukemia after working at a Samsung Electronics semiconductor factory. It was an apology sent by Samsung Electronics CEO Kim Ki-nam.


Plastic plans fail as pandemic deliveries prevail

Bangkok Post 21 April 2020 | Yuthana Praiwan, Lamonphet Apisitniran and Pitsinee Jitpleecheep

Packaging products see demand surge

Single-use plastic is making a comeback, as Thais order takeout and delivery in soaring volumes because of the pandemic.

View all news


211/2 ซ.งามวงศ์วาน 31 ถ.งามวงศ์วาน อ.เมือง นนทบุรี 11000
โทรศัพท์: 02 952 5061 โทรสาร: 02 952 5062
Web Editor:

Ecological Alert and Recovery-Thailand (EARTH)
211/2 Soi Ngamwongwan31, Ngamwongwan Rd., Muang, Nonthaburi 11000, THAILAND
Tel: +66 2 952 5061 Fax: +66 2 952 5062
Web Editor:


(Increasing Transparency in Industrial Pollution Management through Citizen Science)