EARTH Thailand
PRTR & Community Right-to-Know
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Industrial & Hazardous Waste Mangement
Map Ta Phut Studies
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Toxic Impressions: BPA in thermal paper

A report by Toxics Link, 2017

Thermal papers are widely used to print the sale receipts in various sectors like grocery stores, gas stations and bank ATMs to ensure fast and accurate services. This paper is also used by the ticketing agencies, lottery systems and other businesses, which require accurate and high volume printouts.

In this study, twelve unused thermal paper samples from both known and local brands of different manufacturers and suppliers were randomly collected from different markets in New Delhi. We found BPA in concentration between 300 ppm and 6600 ppm in thermal papers with the average levels of 3037 ppm, which is exceedingly high and can have serious adverse impacts on human health and environment.


POPs at four Thai pollution hot-spots: Map Ta Phut, Samut Sakhon, Tha Tum, and Khon Kaen

Author: Václav Mach, PhD.

Supporting data: RNDr. Jindřich Petrlík, Akarapon Teebthaisong, Autthaporn Ritthichat

Arnika – Toxics and Waste Programme, and Ecological Alert and Recovery - Thailand (EARTH), November 2017

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are toxic chemicals that persist over long periods of time in the environment. This study is focused on the presentation of data related to contamination by POPs in 4 hotspot areas in Thailand: The Map Ta Phut industrial complex, the Samut Sakhon hotspot area, the Tha Tum industrial complex, and the Pulp and Paper industrial area near Khon Kaen. 


Chicken eggs as an indicator of POPs pollution in Thailand

Author: RNDr. Jindrich Petrlik

Supporting data: Akarapon Teebthaisong, Atthaporn Ritthichat

Bangkok, Prague, November 2017

In this study, we present the results of monitoring free-range chicken eggs from selected sites in Thailand which are contaminated by persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Free-range chicken eggs were used for monitoring levels of contamination by POPs in various locations in many previous studies. Eggs have been found to be sensitive indicators of POP contamination in soils or dust and are a significant exposure pathway from soil pollution to humans. 


Tackling mercury pollution in the EU and worldwide

Science for Environment Policy, In-depth report 15, written and edited by the Science Communication Unit, University of the West of England (UWE), November 2017

This In-Depth Report from Science for Environment Policy summarises the latest scientific studies and research results on mercury pollution in the global environment. Of the many aspects of mercury pollution, five main topics are addressed: Mercury sources and impacts; Mercury cycling: movement and deposition; Monitoring and modelling approaches; Reduction, treatment and storage; and The Minamata Convention on Mercury and the EU mercury policy.


Mercury in fish from industrial sites in Thailand

By Jana Tremlova | September 2017

Arnika Association, Czech Republic and Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH)

This study is to interpret a data set obtained from an environmental sampling in different parts of Thailand that was carried out in February/March 2016 and February 2017. Samples originated from various sites which some of them served as control areas without any known sources of pollution and some samples originated from highly industrialized areas. Collected samples of fish and sediments were analyzed for content of mercury and methylmercury, secondary also for the content of some selected risk elements and data were further discussed and compared to national and international legal standards.


Mercury in Women of Child-bearing Age in 25 Countries

September 2017 | Lee Bell (Lead author)

Contributing authors: David Evers, Sarah Johnson, Kevin Regan, Joe DiGangi, Jennifer Federico, Jan Samanek

Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI), Maine, USA; IPEN, Göteborg, Sweden; Arnika Association, Prague, Czech Republic

Mercury is a potent neurotoxin, especially to the developing brain, and can affect the developing fetus months after the mother’s exposure. The harmful effects that can be passed from the mother to the fetus when the mother’s mercury levels exceed 1 ppm include neurological impairment, IQ loss, and damage to the kidneys


Toxic Ash Poisons Our Food Chain

Arnika, National Toxics Network and IPEN, Toxic Ash Poisons Our Food Chain, April 2017

This extensive new report was prepared to address a major source of POPs contamination of the environment that is often overlooked, underestimated or incorrectly classified in risk assessments, exposure scenarios and regulatory controls on waste. Ash and other residues from waste incineration contain dioxins, furans (PCDD/Fs) and a range of other highly toxic POPs at levels which are a threat to human health and the environment. Current management practices and regulatory threshold levels for POPs that contaminate incinerator residues are not preventing releases of POPs into agricultural settings, the food chain and the broader environment.


Pops Recycling Contaminates Children's Toys with Toxic Flame Retardants

IPEN & Arnika, April 2017

Recycling plastics containing toxic flame retardant chemicals found in electronic waste results in contamination of new plastic children’s toys and related products. The substances include octabromodiphenyl ether (OctaBDE), deca-bromodiphenyl ether (DecaBDE), and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). This study found all three toxic chemicals in recycled plastic children’s products. In a survey of products from 26 countries, 90% of the samples contained OctaBDE or DecaBDE. Nearly half of them (43%) contained HBCD. Recycling materials that contain persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and other toxic substances contaminates new products, continues human and environmental exposure, and undermines the credibility of recycling.


Global Lead Paint Elimination Report

IPEN, October 2016

Lead is a toxic metal that causes adverse effects on both human health and the environment. While lead exposure is harmful to adults, lead exposure harms children at much lower levels, and the health effects are generally irreversible and can have a lifelong impact. The younger the child, the more harmful lead can be, and children with nutritional deficiencies absorb ingested lead at an increased rate. The human fetus is the most vulnerable, and a pregnant woman can transfer lead that has accumulated in her body to her developing child. Lead is also transferred through breast milk when lead is present in a nursing mother.


Ignorance is Toxic… Double Standard at Map Ta Phut

Authors: Penchom Saetang, Faikham Harnnarong, Sukran Rojanapaiwong

Published by:Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN)

Supported by: Heinrich Böll Foundation

January 2007


Thailand’s Air: Poison Cocktail

Exposing Unsustainable Industries and the Case for Community Right To Know and Prevention [Thailand Bucket Brigade]

By: Campaign for Alternative Industry Network (CAIN) / Greenpeace Southeast Asia (GPSEA) / Global Community Monitor (GCM), October 2005

This report gives fresh evidence that the proposed ‘Community Right To Know Law’ and the ‘National Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTR) System’ are essentially needed along with better environmental monitoring and direct involvement of affected communities in environmental decision-making with the aim to achieve environmental justice and sustainable society.

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UN moves towards recognising human right to a healthy environment

The Guardian 09 March 2018 | Jonathan Watts

Formal recognition would help protect those who increasingly risk their lives to defend the land, water, forests and wildlife, says the UN special rapporteur on human rights and the environment

It is time for the United Nations to formally recognise the right to a healthy environment, according to the world body’s chief investigator of murders, beatings and intimidation of environmental defenders.


Thai coal mining subsidiary fined $145,000 for dumping hazardous waste

The Jakarta Post 09 March 2018 | Moses Ompusunggu

JAKARTA – An Indonesian subsidiary of a Thai coal mining company operating in East Kalimantan has been fined Rp 2 billion (US$145,000) for dumping nearly 4,000 tons of hazardous coal waste on an open dump, which is considered illegal in Indonesia.

In a ruling dated Dec. 6, 2017, the Tenggarong District Court in East Kalimantan found PT Indominco Mandiri -- a subsidiary of coal producer Indo Tambangraya Megah (ITM) that is controlled by Banpu Group Thailand -- guilty of illegally dumping two types of waste, fly ash and bottom ash, which were produced at the firm's coal power plant.


New ruling gives govt ‘upper hand’ in Klong Dan dispute


Wissanu confident of winning the case after verdict Nullifies damages.

THE CENTRAL Administrative Court’s nullification of an earlier ruling in connection with the corruption-ridden Klong Dan wastewater treatment scheme has given the government the upper hand over private firms behind the project that sought massive compensation from the state, Deputy Prime Minister Wissanu Krea-ngam said.


Air quality worsens but data lacking in Northeast areas

The Nation 07 March 2018 | PRATCH RUJIVANAROM

AIR POLLUTION from particulate matter smaller than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) continues to ravage the North and Northeast but no accurate measurements are available, as many provinces do not have PM2.5 monitoring stations.

As seasonal haze intensifies in the North from the accumulation of fine particulate matter in the air, a PM2.5 monitoring device in Khon Kaen yesterday indicated that air pollution was also occurring in the Northeast. However, the extent across the region is unknown as only Khon Kaen has a monitoring station.


B6bn Klong Dan water plant damage erased

Bangkok Post 06 March 2018

The Central Administrative Court on Tuesday revoked the arbitration order demanding the Pollution Control Department pay 6 billion baht in compensation to the builder of the Klong Dan wastewater treatment plant.

The court rejected Vichitphan Construction Co and partners' demand for compliance with the arbitration order for payment of 4.98 billion baht and US$31.03 million, plus interest.


Chiang Mai doctor savages authorities as pollution levels soar

The Nation 06 March 2018 | PRATCH RUJIVANAROM

CHIANG MAI – THE SMOG situation in the North has reached hazardous level, especially in Lampang, where the amount of particulate matter smaller than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) has increased beyond 200 milligrams per cubic metre of air.

Air quality in the northern region yesterday, measured by both the Pollution Control Department (PCD) and international air quality monitoring website,, showed that the PM2.5 level in many provinces was rising steadily. 


Report claims poisonous leak at Phichit gold mine

The Nation 01 March 2018 | PRATCH RUJIVANAROM

Akara disputes study as international arbitration proceeds, with govt accused of expropriation.

A STUDY on the first tailing storage facility (TSF1) of Akara Resources’ Chatree gold mine in Phichit confirmed that it leaked – but the committee investigating issues at the mine has decided to postpone the disclosure of the report for 10 more days.


Scrap coal energy plans

Bangkok Post 27 February 2018 | EDITORIAL

The government has made an error with its decision to once again kick the issue of coal-fired power plants down the political road. Siri Jirapongphan, the Minister of Energy, has defused the immediate problem of high-profile protests. But getting the anti-coal demonstrators to leave the Bangkok pavement is a side issue. The government still plans to build those coal-fired pollution factories, just a little later than the regime had hoped.


Environmental fears as EEC plans rushed

The Nation 26 February 2018 | PRATCH RUJIVANAROM


LOCAL PEOPLE in the Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC) provinces have been joined by academics in voicing concerns over the effects of the imminent industrial expansion on the environment and livelihoods of people.


Anti-coal power plant rally ends after talks

Bangkok Post 21 February 2018  

Protesters against a coal-fired power plant in Krabi and Songkhla called off their rally in front of the United Nations office in Bangkok on Tuesday after the Energy Ministry agreed to conduct a fresh impact assessment.


Coal-fired electricity projects deal struck

The Nation 21 February 2018 By Pratch Rujivanarom, Somchai Samart


AS THE GOVERNMENT backed down, coal-fired power plant protesters yesterday announced victory and ended a hunger strike – although there were concerns that their disputes with a pro-coal group in their home provinces would remain.


Dawei SEZ’s grave human rights violations, forced evictions and flawed EIAs come under fire

Myanmar Times 19 February 2018 | Htoo Thant

From flawed land acquisition, destroyed farmlands to the lack of transparency, this project is failing on many human rights measures and threatening the lands and livelihoods of communities.

DAWEI Special Economic Zone (SEZ) has been accused of grave human rights violations including forced evictions, a lack of transparency and environmental disruption as the land lease contract for its initial phase is expected to be signed before April. In addition, the legality of the Environment Impact Assessments (EIAs) is severely questioned while experts say that the project has destroyed farmlands, polluted rivers and is threatening the lands and livelihoods of communities.


Transforming the Food We Eat With DowDuPont

U.S. Right to Know 13 February 2018 | Stacy Malkan

The world’s largest pesticide and seed companies want you to believe they are on the side of science. High-tech foods are the future, they say, and people who raise concerns about their pesticides and genetically engineered seeds are “anti-science.”

The Atlantic magazine will provide a platform to those industry talking points in exchange for corporate cash at a Feb. 15 event titled, “Harvest: Transforming the Food We Eat” sponsored by DowDuPont.


Future of food? Ask farmers, not DowDuPont

PAN 12 February 2018 | Kristin Schafer

What are they thinking over at The Atlantic? Later this week, the normally fact-focused magazine and media company is hosting an event entitled "Harvest: Transforming the Food We Eat" in New York City — and the event is wholly underwritten by the Agricultural Division of DowDuPont.

Event promotional materials promise to highlight how innovators are “making the global food system more sustainable and productive.” So why is it sponsored by one of the world's largest pesticide manufacturers? And why aren't there any farmers on the panel?


The Atlantic Eats Up Big Pesticide’s Poison Dollars

Center for Environmental Health 12 February 2018 | Caroline Cox

On Thursday, The Atlantic is hosting a livestreamed event called “Harvest: Transforming the Food We Eat”. It looks to be a fascinating discussion of new food technologies, including making meat without animals and other cutting-edge ideas.

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